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De samenstelling van moedermelk

Dit artikel geeft diverse tabellen met de waardes van voedingsstoffen die zijn aangetroffen in moedermelk.

Inhoudsopgave

Gemiddelde samenstelling van moedermelk per 100 ml - drie tabellen

samenstelling moedermelk per 100 ml
 preterme moedermelkrijpe moedermelk
energie69 kcal69 kcal
proteïne2.1 g1.05 g
vet3.9 g3.9 g
natrium40.2mg18.0 mg
kalium68.4 mg52.5 mg
calcium23.5 mg28.0 mg
fosfor14.0 mg14.0 mg
magnesium2.8 mg3.5 mg
chloride72.7 mg42.0 mg
koper0.1 mg0.025 mg
zink0.4 mg0.12 mg
ijzer0.1 mg0.03 mg
bron: various published studies on file at Prolacta Bioscience
verandering van rijpe [mature] moedermelk en preterme moedermelk gedurende de eerste maand na de bevalling in 100 ml moedermelk
 3 – 5 dagen8 – 11 dagen15 – 18 dagen26 – 29 dagen
maturepretermmaturepretermmaturepretermmaturepreterm
energie48 kcal58 kcal59 kcal71 kcal62 kcal71 kcal69 kcal70 kcal
eiwit1,9 g2,1 g1,7 g1,9 g1,5 g1,7 g1,3 g1,4 g
vet1,9 g3,0 g2,9 g4,1 g3,1 g4,3 g3,1 g4,1 g
bron: adapted from CH Anderson: Human milk feeding
samenstelling moedermelk per 100 ml - bron onbekend
voedingsstofgehalte in moedermelk
energie (kcal)69 kcal
eiwit1,2 gram
caseïne-wei-verhouding40 : 60
vet4,2 gram
linolzuur0,3 - 0,5 gram
oligosacchariden1,3 gram
koolhydraat7 gram
lactose7 gram
calcium35 mgram
fosfor15 gram
natrium15 mgram
ijzer0,1 mgram
kalium50 mgram
vitamine A75 µgram
vitamine D vetoplosbaar0,15 µgram
vitamine D wateroplosbaar0,88 µgram
vitamine B10,01 mgram
vitamine B20,04 mgram
vitamine C5 µgram
vitamine K1,5 µgram

Breastmilk Composition

Bron: 'Breastfeeding: a guide for the medical profession', R.A. Lawrence.

Kijk ook hier What's in Breastmilk.

  • lactose
  • protein nitrogen
  • non-protein nitrogen:
    • amino sugars:
      • Nacetylglucosamine
      • Nacetylneuraminic acid
    • peptides:
      • epidermal growth factor
      • somatomedin-C/ insulin like growth factor
      • delta sleep-inducing peptide
      • insulin
    • free amino acids
    • caratine
    • choline & ethanolamine
    • neucleic acid
    • polyamines
  • protein:
    • cassein
    • alpha-lactalbumin
    • lactoferrin
    • IgA
  • Minerals:
    • calcium
    • magnesium
    • sodium
    • potassium
    • chlorine
    • phosphorous
    • sulphur
  • TraceElements:
    • aluminum
    • chromium
    • cobalt
    • copper
    • fluorine
    • iodine
    • iron
    • manganese
    • molybdenum
    • nickel
    • selenium
    • titanium
    • zinc
  • Vitamins: fat soluble
    • vitamin A
    • beta-carotene
    • vitamin D
    • vitamin E (total tocopherols)
    • vitamin K1
  • Vitamins: water soluble
    • vitamin B1 thiamine
    • vitamin B2 riboflavin
    • niacin
    • folic acid
    • vitamin B6
    • biotin
    • pantothenic acid
    • vitamin B12
    • ascorbic acid
  • Amino acids:
    • alanine
    • arginine
    • aspartate
    • alpha-aminobutyrate
    • cystine
    • glutamate
    • glycine
    • histidine
    • isoleucine
    • lysine
    • methionine
    • phenylalanine
    • phosphoserine
    • phosphethanolamine
    • proline
    • serine
    • threonine
    • tryptophan
    • valine
    • taurine
  • Urea
  • Creatinine
  • Fatty acids:
    • 12:0 tauric
    • 14:0 myriatic
    • 16:0 palmitic
    • 18:0 oleic
    • 18:2, n-6 linoleic
    • 18:3, n-3 linolenic
    • C20 & C22 polyunsaturated
  • Cholesterol
  • renal solute load 79 mosmol
  • Enzymes: (20+)
    • antiproteases
    • alpha-amylase
    • lipase, bile salt stimulated
    • lipase, serum stimulated
    • sulphydryl
    • oxidase
    • lysozyme
    • peroxidase
  • Hormones:
    • prolactin
    • steroid - gestagens, estrogens, corticoids, androgens, opiate-like peptides
    • gonadotropin - releasing hormone
    • thyroid - releasing hormone
    • thyroid - stimulating hormone (thyrotropin, TSH)
    • gonadotripins
    • ovarian hormones
    • corticosteroids
    • eruthropoietin
    • cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)
    • cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)
    • prostaglandins
  • Bile Salts:
    • cholate
    • chenodeoxycholate
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Cellular Components:
    • leukocytes:
      • macrophages
      • lymphocytes (T- & B- include cells with IgA, IgM, IgG surface immunoglobulins
    • neutrophils
    • epithelial cells
  • Immunoglobulins - all classes
  • Bifidus Factor
  • Lactoferrin - an iron binding protein
  • Interferon
  • Complement
  • B12 binding protein
  • Glangiosides glycolipids

Een kleine lijst met hoeveelheden

Bron: "Understanding Nutrition 4th Edition" by Whitney and Hamilton, West Publishing Co. Copyright 1987

  • Carbohydrate (g/100 ml) 7.2
  • Energy (kcal/100ml) 74
  • Fat (g/100ml) 2.7-4.6
  • Linoleum Acid (% of total fatty acids) 10-15
  • Minerals:
    • Calcium (mg/l) 340
    • Calcium to phosphorus ration 2.4
    • Iron (mg/l) 0.2-1.0
    • Phosphorun (mg/l) 140
    • Potassium (mEq/l) 13
    • Sodium (mEq/l) 7
  • Protein (g/100ml) 1.1
  • Renal solute load (mOsm/l)c 74
  • Vitamins (per 100 ml):
    • Folacin (µg) 2-5
    • Niacin (mg) 0.15-0.18
    • Panotothenic acid (mg) 0.18-0.23
    • Riboflavin (µg) 36-37
    • Thiamin (µg) 14-16
    • Vitamin A (IU) 190-250
    • Vitamin B6 (µg) 10-11
    • Vitamin B12 (µg) 0.03-0.06
    • Vitamin C (mg) 4.3-5.2
    • Vitamin D (IU) 2.2

Samenstelling van kunstmatige zuigelingenvoeding

Bron: MIMS annual 1991

  • Lactose
  • Protein:
    • cassein
    • whey
  • Fats - milk and/or vegetable fats
  • Minerals:
    • calcium
    • magnesium
    • sodium
    • potassium
    • iron
    • zinc
    • copper
    • iodine
    • phosphorous
  • Vitamins:
    • ascorbic acid
    • vitamin A
    • vitamin B1 thiamine
    • vitamin B2 riboflavin
    • vitamin B6
    • vitamin B12
    • vitamin D
    • vitamin K
    • biotin
    • taurine

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